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Monday, March 20, 2023


In psychology, addiction is defined as a persistent, compulsive dependence on a substance or behavior, despite negative consequences. Addiction is characterized by an inability to control the use of the substance or behavior, and by a strong craving or desire for the substance or behavior.

Addiction can take many forms, including addiction to substances such as alcohol, drugs, and nicotine, as well as behavioral addictions such as gambling, internet use, and video game playing. Regardless of the specific form of addiction, it is characterized by a number of common features, including:

  • Tolerance: The need for increasing amounts of the substance or behavior in order to achieve the desired effect.
  • Withdrawal: Physical and psychological symptoms that occur when the substance or behavior is not available.
  • Loss of control: An inability to limit or control the use of the substance or behavior, despite attempts to do so.
  • Negative consequences: Continued use of the substance or behavior despite negative consequences on physical, mental, and social well-being.

Addiction is often associated with changes in brain chemistry and function, as well as with changes in the reward and pleasure systems of the brain. It is a complex and multifaceted disorder that can have significant impacts on an individual’s physical and mental health, as well as on their social and occupational functioning.

Treatment for addiction typically involves a combination of therapies and interventions, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, pharmacotherapy, and support groups. The specific treatment approach will depend on the specific substance or behavior involved and on the individual’s needs and preferences.

Overall, addiction is a serious and complex disorder that can have significant impacts on an individual’s well-being and functioning. It is important for individuals struggling with addiction to seek help and support in order to overcome the disorder and to improve their overall health and well-being.

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